Romanian pioneer women

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Anne de Noailles, French writer of Romanian origin (November 15, 1876 - April 30, 1933), born Brancoveanu, Countess De Mathieu, was the first woman appointed a member of the Royal Academy of Language and Literature of Belgium (January 1922).

She was elected on June 11, 1925, honorary member of the Romanian Academy, together with poet and pose writer Elena Vacarescu, being the first women admitted to the institution. She began writing her first poems at the age of 13, which were collected in the volumes 'Poesie' and ''Sommeil Eternel'' (1889). She had her literary debut in 'Revue de Paris' (1892), with the cycle of poems ''Litanies'. Her editorial debut was with ''Le coeur innombrable'' (1901, 'Archon — Despërouses' French Academy Award). Her literary recognition came with the publishing of ''Les eblouissements' volume of poems (1907), followed by 'Les vivants et les morts'' '(1913), ''Les forces éternelles'' (1920), ' L' honneur de souffrir '' (1927), '' Derniers verse et poemes d' enfance'' (1934, published posthumously).

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Raluca Ripan (June 27, 1894 — December 5, 1975) became in 1948 the first woman elected full member of the Romanian Academy. Her main merit consists of having established the Institute of Chemistry (1951) in three departments: inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry and physical chemistry. In 1922 she obtained her doctor's degree in chemistry at the University of Cluj, with the paper ''Double amines corresponding to double sulphates of the magnesian series,' being the first woman with a doctor's degree in chemistry in Romania. In 1930, she became docent in analytical chemistry. Her work in chemistry research was recognized through special distinctions: honorary member of the Society of Industrial Chemistry of France, as well as member of the German Society of Chemistry. Raluca Ripan and her coordinated and guided teams received a number of authorship certificates and inventor titles.

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Luiza Zavloschi (July 20, 1883 — 1967) was the first female mayor in Romania. She attended 'Mihail Sturza' teacher training school in Iasi, after graduation working as a teacher in her native village. In the spring of 1930, several peasant leaders asked her to run for the mayoralty of Buda Commune against the representative of the ruling party, with whom they were discontented. She ran and won the elections. During her mandate, she established an office for the mayoralty, she setup the Communal Council, she organised for the first time the civil registry records and installed a telephone. For her good administration, she was re-elected for another mandate, this time after the village had extended through the union with the village of Rafaila. In her honour, the local school bears her name. AGERPRES

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